In a tangled and complex web of judicial process, incarcerated political prisoner Gholamreza Khosravi Savadjani, who was arrested in 2006 on charges pressed by the Intelligence Ministry’s office in Rafsanjan and sentenced to six years imprisonment, is now under the death penalty after new charges of collaboration with the Mojahedin Khagh Organization (MKO/MEK) were pressed by the Defense Ministry.
After much back and forth between various courts, Khosravi’s death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court and he was recently verbally informed by the Judicial officials at Evin prison that his execution date had been set for September.
In the recent years, the date that a death sentence is to be carried out, and even the final verdicts, are not officially given to the prisoners, and the death row prisoners are executed without prior notice to their families or their lawyers.
Golamreza Khosravi was previously arrested in 1981 at age 16. He was released five years later after serving out his prison sentence.
Khosravi was arrested again in 2007 on charges pressed by the Intelligence Ministry for donating money to Mojahedin Khalgh Organization (MKO/MEK).
During his incarceration and after going through interrogations, Khosravi endured much hardship in various detention centers under harsh conditions. He was incarcerated in solitary confinement for a total of forty months.
He was incarcerated for 20 months in solitary confinement in Kerman prison and after the Defense Ministry pressed charges against him, he was incarcerated for 10 months in solitary confinement in the Defense Ministry’s prison No. 64.
He also was incarcerated 10 months in solitary confinement in IRGC’s intelligence Ward 240 in Evin prison.
This political prisoner, a welder by profession, has been under tremendous pressures during incarceration to give a televised interview. It appears that his death sentence was based on confessions obtained under pressure and torture.
The legal process of Khosravi’s case was in itself unique and unprecedented. Initially, he was sentenced to six years imprisonment, based on confessions obtained under duress, but in a retrial in Tehran, he was convicted of Moharebeh charges (enmity against God) and was given the death penalty.
Khosravi was initially sentenced to 3 years imprisonment plus 3 years suspended for a five years sentence by the Revolutionary Court in Rafsanjan, presided by Judge Sayed Mohamad Bagher Khorshid.
Upon appeal by the Intelligence Ministry, a court in Kerman over ruled the previous sentence and gave Khosravi six years imprisonment.
While Khosravi was in prison, his case entered a new phase by the Defense Ministry pressing new charges against him based on confessions obtained under duress. He was then transferred to the Defense Ministry’s prison No. 64 after having already spent 20 months in solitary confinement.
After enduring a long period of interrogations, Khosravi faced a death sentence in a trial on November 29, 2010, in Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court presided by Judge Pirabbasi.
Judge Pirabbasi ruled the case beyond the scope of his court’s jurisdiction since a ruling was already issued by another Revolutionary Court in a different city.
The ruling issued by Branch 26 was overturned by the Supreme Court. The case was returned to the same court for retrial, which resulted in a death sentence issued in 2010.
This last verdict by the lower court was also overturned by the Supreme Court on technicality and was sent back to Branch 26 for retrial which ultimately resulted in a death sentence for the defendant in November of 2011.
On April 21, 2012 the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence for Khosravi and forwarded the case to the Implementation Division in Evin prison.
Lawyer Hedayat Rezaei defended this case in Rafsanjan court. Lawyers Abdolfatah Soltani and Shima Ghosheh are the other defense attorneys that defended this case in Tehran. But with the arrest and imprisonment of Abdolfatah Soltani, and considering the pressures that the attorneys are under by the Intelligence entities, the defense attorneys’ efforts for a new verdict have been to no avail in this case.